The Unity Government
During the civil war in the Ivory Coast that took place from 2002 to 2010, a new type of government was created to meet the demands of the many different population groups of the country. It was called the unity government, but there were many problems because of instability and a feeling that the voices of many people were not adequately represented. Starting in January of 2003, the unity government lasted until the elections of 2010 that sparked another uprising in the country. During its tenure, the unity government saw many incidents of violence and protests as the Ivory Coast worked toward stability.
The first major problem with the unity government happened just a few short years after its formation. In November of 2004, the peace agreement that was in place between the governments of France and the Ivory Coast dissolved because rebels refused to lay down their weapons. An airstrike was ordered by Gbago, the leader of the unity government, but it also hit French bases. The French government understood this attack to be planned against the French forces and retaliated by initiating their own airstrikes against key Ivory Coast military locations.
With riots breaking out in many areas of the country, it was decided that a peaceful election would not be possible and Gbagbo was allowed to remain in power past the end of his presidential term in 2005. Although the initial plan was for the upcoming elections to be held the next year, successive extensions continued to push the official date for the election further back. Because of the threat of violence during the actual casting of votes by Ivory Coast citizens, the election was not held until November of 2010. However, the election would be marred by many different problems and led to yet another conflict in the country as the unity government came to a close.