Government Structure in the Ivory Coast
The government structure in the Ivory Coast is quite similar to that of the United States and many European countries. Run by a combination of a president and a prime minister, the government is split into three main branches: the executive, legislative, and judicial. The background for the government is provided by a constitution that was written in 1959 and outlines the major functions of each government branch.
The executive branch of the Ivory Coast government is headed by the president, who is in office for a term of five years. He is considered to be the chief of the armed forces and is given the ability to negotiate treaties and ratify them when he sees fit. His immediate successor is the President of the National Assembly and in case of a death while in office, this person will complete the term of the president. The current president of the Ivory Coast is Laurent Gbagbo, who won the election in the year 2000.
The legislative branch of the Ivory Coast government is run by the National Assembly, an organization of elected officials similar to the House of Representatives in the United States. Like the president, they are elected to terms of five years and each member represents a certain constituency of the population. The responsibility of the National Assembly is to pass legislation that is introduced by the president. In addition, some legislation is started in the Assembly itself.
The judicial branch of the government is the system that establishes law and order in the country. There are separate divisions for the major types of legal issues, with the highest court being the Supreme Court, which oversees the majority of judicial branch functions. For government officials that are on trial, the High Court of Justice handles all of the cases at the highest level.